CELEBRATING OUR NATION
I haven’t always been a history buff. Don’t really know that I qualify as a full-fledged history buff now. I do know I love history—and wish I had enjoyed it half as much when I was in school…..
That said, I do know the basics of major historical events. Like the American Revolutionary War. Britain was being mean and we the people (see? I do know some good bits!) were fed up!
In reading / reviewing articles, it occurs to me that King George III was getting complacent with Britain’s world dominance. I mean they had territories all over the place, right? Besides North America, including Canada, they had Australia, India, parts of Africa, the Far East AND Antarctica! That’s a lot of real estate!
Some interesting highlights I came across:
- The French (on the heels of the French and Indian War, remember) became allies of the Patriots (that’s us.) Spain and the Dutch later joined French forces.
- We all know about the Boston Tea Party, but the Townshend Acts placed taxes and duties on things like paper and glass, and moved to regulate trade to the minutest detail.
- Us peons were called revolutionaries, Patriots, Whigs, or Congress-men. And of course, Americans.
- One thing I had not realized was even in question at the time, was slavery. In the years following the war, some states abolished slavery.
The Declaration of Independence
- Thomas Jefferson is credited with authoring the document but was actually part of a committee of five, appointed by the Continental Congress. The others on the committee were Benjamin Franklin, John Adams, Robert Livingston, and Roger Sherman.
- Robert Livingston declined to sign the Declaration, stating that we as a foundling nation were not ready to take such action.
- A total of 56 men signed the Declaration of Independence. Eight of those men were born in Britain. None were Americans at the time, as America did not yet exist.
- When a copy of the document reached New York City, a riot broke out, ending with a mob destroying the statue of George III.
- The oldest member to sign was Benjamin Franklin, who was 70 years old at the time. The youngest, aged 26, was Edward Rutledge.
- The Declaration of Independence is housed at the National Archives in Washington D.C. along with the Constitution and the Bill of Rights.
South Carolina’s role in the American Revolution
- The British apparently didn’t give much credit to Patriot forces in our state. Savannah (Georgia) and Charleston fell to British troops, with the British hoping to gain followers as they marched north to engage in the heart of the battle—the northern colonies. The British, however, were unprepared for the fierce patriotism encountered in South Carolina, and found themselves battling the war on two fronts.
- Francis Marion, Andrew Pickens, and Thomas Sumter are heroes of the Palmetto state, leading “modern guerilla warfare” throughout the state.
- One of the “turning points of the Revolution” took place at the Battle of Kings Mountain in Blacksburg, SC. South Carolina backwoodsmen rallied and banded together against the British, diverting the British army from their intended destination.
- The Battle of Cowpens followed on the heels of Kings Mountain, costing the British both lives and supplies, and ultimately leading to Cornwallis’ defeat at Yorktown.
- Nathanael Greene led a new Continental army in battles at Hobkirk’s Hill, Ninety Six, and Eutaw Springs.
“The war may have begun and ended in Charleston, but it was won in the forests and swamps of the back country,” historian Walter Edgar wrote in The South Carolina Encyclopedia. 1
America, we’ve stood strong for 240 years, I say here’s to another 240!!! Happy Birthday America!!
Blogwords, Special Report, Celebrating Our Nation, American Revolutionary War, King George III, South Carolina Battles, Declaration of Independence, Happy Birthday America