The month of October is a special time for me:
my debut novel, my baby,
will be released IN PRINT on Halloween!
As a child, Marni Miller was not the driven and unyielding woman encountered in Tessa. An only child, growing up in the 40’s and 50’s, Marni was further isolated by the reclusive nature and advanced age of her parents. Marni loved to listen to the stories her mother, Rose, would tell her of visiting her own grandmother in Baltimore, and the fancy dances they held. Rose taught Marni some of the dances, but rarely did they go anywhere other than the library.
At a young age, Marni picked up a pencil and started sketching. Her talent was evident.
First she drew horses, because her mother read National Velvet and Black Beauty to her frequently; Marni requested them over and over. She painted landscapes, places she imagined the horses might be, and images from her infrequent visits to her mother’s childhood home in West Virginia.
She painted her cousins, and their pets.
And because Marni’s father wouldn’t permit her to have animals, she drew him instead, and their house.
Soon after her mother died, Marni found her own baby scrapbook, and drew a striking image of herself from a tattered photo.
“Photorealism is a genre of art that encompasses painting, drawing and other graphic mediums, in which an artist studies a photograph and then attempts to reproduce the image as realistically as possible in another medium. … it is also used to refer specifically to a group of paintings and painters of the United States that began in the late 1960’s and early 1970’s.” [taken from Wikipedia.]
By the time photorealism was a recognized art form, Marni was already in New York, with her glorious career path unfolding. As a child, she knew nothing of art forms or schools of art, she just drew and painted what she saw. As she grew, and began to take classes to refine her skill, she relied on photos and existing paintings.
“As a full-fledged art movement, Photorealism evolved from Pop Art and as a counter to Abstract Expressionisms,” something Marni despised. “Photoreaslists use a photograph or several photographs to gather the information to create their paintings… The invention of photography in the nineteenth century had three effects on art: portrait and scenic artists were deemed inferior to the photograph and many turned to photography as careers; the photograph as source material and as an aid – however, they went to great lengths to deny the fact fearing that their work would be misunderstood as imitations; and through the photograph’s invention artists were open to a great deal of new experimentation. Thus, the culmination of the invention of the photograph was a break in art’s history towards the challenge facing the artist – since the earliest known cave drawings – trying to replicate the scenes they viewed.” [Wikipedia]
“By the time the Photorealists began producing their bodies of work the photograph had become the leading means of reproducing reality and abstraction was the focus of the art world… Pop Art and Photorealism were both reactionary movements stemming from the ever increasing and overwhelming abundance of photographic media, which by the mid 20th century had grown into such a massive phenomenon that it was threatening to lessen the value of imagery in art. However, whereas the Pop artists were primarily pointing out the absurdity of much of the imagery … the Photorealists were trying to reclaim and exalt the value of an image.” [Wikipedia]
“The word Photorealism was coined by Louis K. Meisel in 1969 and appeared in print for the first time in 1970 in a Whitney Museum catalogue… Louis K. Meisel, two years later, developed a five-point definition… was as follows:
- The Photo-Realist uses the camera and photograph to gather information.
- The Photo-Realist uses a mechanical or semimechanical means to transfer the information to the canvas.
- The Photo-Realist must have the technical ability to make the finished work appear photographic.
- The artist must have exhibited work as a Photo-Realist by 1972 to be considered one of the central Photo-Realists.
- The artist must have devoted at least five years to the development and exhibition of Photo Realist work.” [Wikipedia]
“The evolution of technology has brought forth photorealistic paintings that exceed what was thought possible with paintings; these newer paintings by the photorealists are sometimes referred to as Hyperrealism. With new technology in cameras and digital equipment, artists are able to be far more precision-oriented.” [Wikipedia]
Marni was that if she was anything, precision-oriented, exacting to the minutest detail. It was this reason that she could not appreciate Cassie’s passion for Impressionism, and it was for this reason that she held such disdain for the disturbing images of Connie’s beloved Fauvism, Cubism, Dadaism and Surrealism. Marni held to an impossible standard of perfectionism, which pervades far more than art.
Note: all images found on Google.
#marniart, #photorealism, #hyperrealism, #nationalvelvet, #blackbeauty, #cousins&pets